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The main focus of is Critical Race Theory (CRT) and its applications in higher education, as this is where the ideology was first developed and where many individuals are trained. While CRT has been around for a few decades, it really has gained prominence since the rise of the Black Lives Matter (BLM) movement, serving as an intellectual underpinning to grant the movement a perception of legitimacy as a civil rights movement. The 1619 Project attempts to bring all these forces together to reimagine and revise the historical narrative of America. The central premise is that America was not founded in 1776, or in the early colonies, or when the Constitution was ratified. According to this new interpretation, the functional founding of America occurred when the first enslaved Africans arrived on the North American continent. Further, the authors claim, the colonists fought the Revolutionary War primarily to protect the slave trade. First published in August 2019 by New York Times Magazine, the 1619 Project “aims to reframe the country’s history by placing the consequences of slavery and the contributions of Black Americans at the very center of the United States’ national narrative.” Activists have proposed the 1619 Project as history curriculum in elementary, secondary, and higher education.

In response, a growing number of historians, scholars, and critics have written about some of the logical fallacies, false equivalencies, and historical errors in the 1619 Project.

Here we include some reading material, criticisms, and other resources to understand the impact of The 1619 Project in American society and in particular, education:

Legal Insurrection Foundation

“Rescuing History and Education From The 1619 Project” | (Archive link)

“Rescuing History and Education From The 1619 Project” (Highlights) | (Archive link)

“Rescuing History and Education From The 1619 Project” (Full Event) | (Archive link)

Heritage Foundation

“1619 and the Poisoned Well of Identity Politics” | (Archive link)

“A Review of the 1619 Project Curriculum” | (Archive link)

Capitalism in the 1619 Project” | (Archive link)

The Real Goals of The 1619 Project” | (Archive link)

1776, Not 1619” | (Archive link)

A Year Later, Objections to the History-Distorting 1619 Project Grow Louder” | (Archive link)

‘1619’ Pulitzer Will Boost Socialist Teaching in Schools” | (Archive link)

National Association of Scholars

“Kick the ‘1619 Project’ Out of Schools” (David Randall) | (Archive link)

“The 1619 Project: Believe Your Lying Eyes” (Seth Forman) | (Archive link)

“The Economics and Politics of The 1619 Project” (Peter WoodPhillip W. Magness and Robert Cherry) | (Archive link)

“The New York Times Revises The 1619 Project, Barely” (Peter Wood) | (Archive link)

“Washington Schools Reject The 1619 Project” (David Acevedo) | (Archive link)

“America Wasn’t Founded on White Supremacy” (Lucas Morel) | (Archive link)

American Institute of Economic Research

“Fact Checking the 1619 Project and Its Critics” (Phillip Magness) | (Archive link)

“Should K-12 Classrooms Teach from the 1619 Project?” (Phillip Magness) | (Archive link)

“What the 1619 Project’s Critics Get Wrong about Lincoln” (Phillip Magness) | (Archive link)

“The 1619 Project Resurrects King-Cotton Ideology of the Old South” (Phillip Magness) | (Archive link)

“The Case for Retracting Matthew Desmond’s 1619 Project Essay” (Phillip Magness) | (Archive link)

“The 1619 Project Perpetuates the Soft Bigotry of Low Expectations” (Ian Rowe) | (Archive link)

The 1619 Project Means Never Having to Say You’re Sorry” (Phillip Magness) | (Archive link)

Other Media

No, Modern Policing Did Not Originate with Slavery” (Dan McLaughlin, National Review) | (Archive link)

“Debunking the 1619 Project: Exposing the Plan to Divide America” (Mary Grabar) | (Archive link)

“The 1619 Chronicles” (New York Times op-ed by Bret Stephens) | (Archive link)

“Revisionists at it again: The ‘1619 Project’ is bad history fueled by bad motives” (Washington Times Editorial) | (Archive link)

“Historians Roast the 1619 Project” (Rich Lowry, National Review) | (Archive link)

“Down the 1619 Project’s Memory Hole” (Phillip Magness in Quillette Magazine) | (Archive link)

“1619 Project Backlash Is Building in Statehouses Across the Country” (Tyler O’Neil, PJ Media) | (Archive link)

“Mark Levin Takes Aim at the New York Times’ 1619 Project” (Jeff Reynolds, PJ Media) | (Archive link)

History Killers: The Academic Fraudulence of the 1619 Project” (James Masnov, New Discourses) | (Archive link)

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